Peru

World Rank 70 2.36 Peru flag svg
Capital
Area
Currency
Lima
1,285,216 km 2
Sol (PEN)

Table of Contents

Introduction

Peru is officially known as the Republic of Peru. It is a country in western South America with five nations around it, namely Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. Noteworthy is the fact that Peru is considered a megadiverse country. The biggest country is Lima, which is at the same time the capital of Peru.

Economy

Peruvian economy is one of the best in Latin America & Caribbean. It has the GDP value of $436 billion, which places them right behind Chile at 5th position (excluding Mexico). It accounts for 5% of the region’s GDP (4% if we include Mexico). 

Besides that value, we should also remember about the GDP per capita, which indicates the average wealth of the Peruvian citizen. Sadly, due to the large population, it has relatively low GDP per capita at the level of 13,400. It ranks them between Guyana (13,600) and Paraguay (13,240). The numbers were gathered in 2019.

Population

The population of 32 million is mostly Christian. However, it is important to remember that there are a lot of Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians in there. A significant group of people speak Quechua or one of other indigenous languages. 

Gross domestic product (GDP, GDP PPP)

Gross domestic product (GDP)

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  • Historical chart

Gross domestic product growth rate

Gross domestic product per capita

Gross domestic product (PPP)

Gross domestic product (PPP) per capita

International trade (Export, Import)

External balance on goods and services

External balance on goods and services (% of GDP)

Exports of goods and services (current US$)

Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Imports of goods and services (current US$)

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Employment by sector, Unemployment

Unemployment (% of total labor force)

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  • Historical chart

Employment in agriculture (% of total employment)

Employment in industry (% of total employment)

Employment in services (% of total employment)

Vulnerable employment (% of total employment)