Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

Table of Contents

Import (% of GDP) by country

Lack of map.
A map of the world, with colours to highlight the import (% of GDP) of each country. Numbers on the legend are %.

List of all countries

Flag Position Country Number
1 Luxembourg 175.8
2 Singapore 144.32
3 Djibouti 140.33
4 Malta 130.97
5 Seychelles 111.38
6 Ireland 108.84
7 Somalia 105.43
8 Vietnam 103.2
9 Liberia 94.54
10 Slovakia 84.9
11 Libya 80.17
12 Belgium 80.13
13 Hungary 77.51
14 Cyprus 73.87
15 Dominica 71.94
16 North Macedonia 70.92
17 Estonia 70.69
18 Slovenia 68.66
19 Netherlands 67.45
20 Lithuania 64.42
21 Czechia 64.16
22 Cambodia 63.9
23 Montenegro 60.53
24 Cabo Verde 59.84
25 Latvia 59.12
26 Belarus 58.78
27 Serbia 56.89
28 Congo 55.95
29 Georgia 55.91
30 Belize 55.31
31 Malaysia 55.03
32 Mongolia 54.57
33 Bulgaria 54.44
34 Grenada 54.37
35 Switzerland 53.55
36 Brunei Darussalam 52.89
37 Jamaica 52.07
38 Kyrgyzstan 51.67
39 Samoa 51.08
40 Honduras 50.52
41 Moldova 49.73
42 Mauritania 49.53
43 Austria 49.03
44 Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.94
45 Croatia 48.89
46 Poland 48.87
47 Mauritius 48.72
48 Denmark 48.43
49 Nicaragua 47.15
50 Vanuatu 46.85
51 Thailand 46.5
52 Equatorial Guinea 46.45
53 Botswana 46.37
54 Antigua and Barbuda 46.31
55 Fiji 44.84
56 Lebanon 44.83
57 Chad 44.77
58 El Salvador 43.9
59 Morocco 43.17
60 Romania 41.72
61 Jordan 41.65
62 Namibia 41.52
63 Ukraine 40.09
64 Sweden 39.96
65 Greece 39.44
66 Armenia 39.35
67 Portugal 38.73
68 Tajikistan 38.22
69 Albania 38.08
70 Mexico 37.89
71 Germany 37.69
72 Sierra Leone 37.33
73 Suriname 37.3
74 Guinea 37.09
75 Senegal 36.9
76 Uzbekistan 36.73
77 Azerbaijan 36.47
78 Solomon Islands 36.06
79 Finland 35.85
80 Rwanda 35.31
81 Iceland 34.97
82 Central African Republic 33.96
83 Nepal 33.89
84 Democratic Republic of the Congo 33.52
85 Mali 33.41
86 South Korea 33.18
87 Philippines 32.99
88 Norway 32.97
89 Turkey 32.33
90 Haiti 32.28
91 Togo 31.12
92 Canada 31.01
93 Paraguay 30.55
94 Madagascar 30.35
95 France 29.89
96 Guinea-Bissau 29.25
97 Spain 29.15
98 Costa Rica 28.58
99 Algeria 28.14
100 Burundi 27.92
101 United Kingdom 27.72
102 Myanmar 27.47
103 Angola 27.33
104 Chile 26.3
105 Dominican Republic 26
106 Italy 25.83
107 South Africa 25.53
108 Benin 24.96
109 Guatemala 24.95
110 Saudi Arabia 24.26
111 Israel 23.68
112 Sri Lanka 22.94
113 Gabon 22.66
114 Cameroon 21.16
115 Iran 21.12
116 Peru 21.1
117 Uruguay 21
118 Egypt 20.77
119 Ecuador 20.75
120 Russia 20.56
121 Australia 20.06
122 Colombia 19.97
123 Bangladesh 18.58
124 India 18.39
125 Ethiopia 16.93
126 Pakistan 16.63
127 Nigeria 16.57
128 Indonesia 16.02
129 China 16.01
130 Brazil 15.48
131 Tanzania 15.31
132 Argentina 13.89
133 United States of America (USA) 13.25
134 Sudan 4.83

Bar chart

World export (% of GDP) by year

World export (% of GDP) by year.

Table

Year Number
1970 12.54
1971 12.5
1972 12.47
1973 13.77
1974 16.89
1975 15.92
1976 16.24
1977 16.42
1978 16.31
1979 17.47
1980 19
1981 19.16
1982 18.66
1983 18.17
1984 18.74
1985 18.75
1986 17.53
1987 17.92
1988 18.97
1989 19.28
1990 18.99
1991 18.93
1992 20.25
1993 20.31
1994 20.43
1995 21.51
1996 21.54
1997 22.29
1998 22.42
1999 22.58
2000 24.78
2001 24.42
2002 24.19
2003 25.14
2004 26.84
2005 27.69
2006 28.66
2007 28.92
2008 29.99
2009 25.8
2010 28.02
2011 29.72
2012 29.56
2013 29.18
2014 28.96
2015 27.73
2016 26.85
2017 27.72
2018 28.51
2019 27.91
2020 26.11

Largest economies by import (% of GDP)

Top 10 countries by import (% of GDP)

Merchandise transport abroad - learn about import based on GDP

Importing goods is of utmost importance for small-sized countries due to restricted area and potential resources. For this reason, import data vary quite significantly from the typical rankings of the most wealthy nations.

Obviously, in the case of the largest GDP values, the import is just a small percentage of their earnings, profits, and the general wealthiness. Nevertheless, larger percentages can be noticed in the case of countries that conduct a free trade policy. In such cases, they transport quite a lot abroad, but they also take a lot from foreign nations.

What can we say about the import numbers of the top 3 GDP leaders?

First of all, it is important to remember about the fact that recent years proved to be the best in terms of the value of the imported merchandise. Worldwide, it was around $24.416 trillion. The largest economies around the world imported the largest amounts of goods and services. The top three importers in the world occurred to be the United States, China, and Germany with the total sum of imported merchandise estimated at $7.2 trillion.

Interestingly, such gigantic values were acquired with a relatively low index of % of the GDP. Only in the case of Germany it was around 40% of their total GDP. The United States and China had import that was significantly lower than that (it was respectively 14.6% and 17.3%).

Let’s now take a look at the largest imports of goods and services when compared to the total GDP of the country?

Due to very small sizes, a lot of countries need to depend on imports just to acquire substantial resources and materials. That is why the ranking is dominated by the smallest regions and nations we can find, which are at the same time incredibly wealthy due to their individual characteristics.

The first place goes to Hong Kong SAR, which is an administrative region of China with its own regulations and laws. As a result of that, it is one of the largest and wealthiest areas in the world. It; however, imports goods at the value of 176% of its total GDP.

Position number two goes to Luxembourg with a very close value of 173%. Let's remember that Third place is a bit distant from these two, but it is still an incredibly high number when compared to other countries. Singapore imports for 146% of their total GDP. All these data were collected at the end of 2019.